Logo der Universität Wien

Helene L. and Mark N. Kaplan Professor of Natural and Physical Sciences

        November 2009

Current Appointments
Department of Psychology
Columbia University        
1190 Amsterdam Avenue, MC 5501    
New York, NY 10027

Department of Psychology
Barnard College
3009 Broadway
New York, NY 10027

Doctoral Program on Neurobiology and Behavior

Graduate School of Arts and Sciences

Telephone:         (212) 854-5531
Fax:             (212) 854-3609
      email:                 QR@columbia.edu

Helene L. and Mark N. Kaplan Professor of Natural & Physical Sciences Psychology Department, Barnard College
Professor of Psychology, Psychology Department, Columbia University
Professor Psychology in the Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons

2006-2007: Senior Advisor, National Science Foundation
1990: Kaplan Professor of Natural and Physical Sciences
1982: Professor, Psychology Department, Barnard College and Columbia University
1979-1982: Associate Professor and Chair, Psychology Department, Barnard College
1976-1979: Assistant Professor, Barnard College of Columbia University
1974-1976: Research Associate, The American Museum of Natural History
1974-1976: Assistant Professor, Hunter College of the City University of New York
1972-1974: Assistant Professor, Rutgers - The State University

Educational Background

Degree        Institution    Year    Field

B.Sc. Honours    McGill University    1966    Physiol. Psychol.
M.A.            City College of the City
            University of New York    1970    Biopsychology
Ph.D.            Institute of Animal Behavior
            Rutgers - The State University
            Advisor: Daniel S. Lehrman    1972    Biopsychology

Research Grants (reverse chronological order)
2007-2012 MH075045SCN Networks and Efferent signals
1998-2011: NINDS grant  NS37919 Physiological dissection of the SCN
    (13 years of support to date, through several competing renewals)
2006-2008 NSF IOS-05-54514 Cellular mediator of thermoregulatory responses
2003-2004: NSF DBI 320988
    Acquisition of a Confocal Microscope for the Sciences
2003-2006: NIMH R21
The Immune Response in Mast Cell Deficient Mice
2001-2006: NIH
            Molecular Physiology of Circadian Rhythms (PI Dr. D. McMahon)
2000-2005: NIH NS41069    
            The Function(s) of AVP & PKCbeta l in the SCN of mice
            Alaskan Basic Neuroscience Program (SNRP Grant: PI Dr. L.  Duffy)
1996-2005: NIMH Grant MH 54088
    Mast cells-Function in Normal Adult Brain (PI: Dr. A-J Silverman: Co-PI Silver)
1998-2001: NSF-CNRS Grant
Brain mast cells in sheep
*1976-2001: NIMH Grant MH 29380 (*25 years of support, several competing renewals)
Factors influencing parental behavior
1996-1999: AFOSR Grant
Efferent signals of the SCN
1995-1998: NSF Grant
            Brain photoreceptors
1994-1995: NSF SGER award
Brain mast cells
1992-1995: AFOSR Grant
    Efferent signals of the SCN
1987-1995: NIH Grant NS24292
           Circadian rhythms: restoration by neural grafts
1994: NATO Grant (with Dr. Serviere, INRA, France)
1992: NATO Grant (with Dr. Serviere, INRA, France)
1989: Irna and Jacob Michael Visiting Professor  
Weizmann Institute, Israel
1986-1987: Whitehall Foundation Grant
Encephalic photoreceptors
1982-1985: Whitehall Foundation Grant
Neural mechanisms of parental behavior
1981: NSF Grant TF1 8100678
Acquisition of a centrifuge and accessories
1978: NSF Grant BNS 7816287
Wild doves in Africa: Field validation of laboratory studies

Educational and Training Awards:
2009: Research sponsor of Megan Manganaro- Recipient of Amgen award
2006: Michael Weintraub APS undergraduate student research award
2002-2004: NIH Grant
    Support for students and infrastructure for the meeting of the Society for Research in Biological Rhythms
2002: NASA Grant
Support for students and infrastructure for the meeting of the Society for Research in Biological Rhythms
2002: NSF Grant    
Graduate student and post-doc support for attendance at the Society for Research in Biological Rhythms meeting in May 2002
2002: American Physiological Society Award to sponsor of 2 undergraduate students (Taslima Bhuiyan, Lucila Martinez)
1998: NSF Grant: Workshop on “The CSF as a communication pathway of the brain”
Workshop held in association with the Society for Neurosciences meeting
1996: NSF Grant
Support for student travel to Behavioral Endocrinology Conference in Turin
1990-1994: ONR Grant NOO14-91-5-1314
Predictions of scientific career orientation among able college women
1981-1984: NSF CAUSE Grant
Comprehensive improvements in curriculum and instructional technology (Co-Director)
1977-1982: NSF Grant SED 7712124 and 79-09032
Development of the instructional films in ethology: Behavior of the ring dove

Service to Government
2008-2012 US Representative to the Council of Scientists, Human Frontiers Science Program
2006-2007 Senior Advisor, National Science Foundation, Office of the Director
2002: Chair, Research Maximization and Prioritization Committee, NASA
2001: Committee member, NASA: International Space Station Cost and Management Evaluation     
            Task Force

Service to the Scientific and Research Community
2010 CoChair National Academy of Science Institute of Medicine Forum: Sex Differences and Implications for Translational Neuroscience Research - A workshop, San Francisco, CA
2010 March 3-6: Frontiers of Science Meeting: HFSP: Rapporteur, Strasbourg, France
2008-2012 Vice-chair, Council of Scientists, Human Frontiers Science Program
2006-present: Forum Member, Institute of Medicine Forum on Neuroscience, National Academy of Science
2004-2006: Chair, BRS review panel National Institute of Health
2005-2006: External Advisory Board member NSF Center for Behavioral Neuroscience Georgia State, Emory and other colleges
2004-2007: Society for Neuroscience Education Committee
2003-2005: FO2A Fellowships Study section, ad hoc member
2005: Chair NIH IFCN3 NIH review panel
2000-2005: Special emphasis panel member NIH IFCN3
1999-2005: Advisory Board, International Society for Chronobiology
2001-2004: Member, Society for Neuroscience Program committee
    (Chair, Theme E - Autonomic  and Limbic System)
2003: Panel member, Ford Foundation Minority Fellowship Review panel
2003: Panel member, ZRIG AARR-5 Center for Scientific Research
2000-2002: President, Society Research in Biological Rhythms
1991-2002: Chair, External Advisory Committee, NSF Center for the Study of  Biological Rhythms,
            University of Virginia
2001: Panel member, Ford Foundation Minority Fellowship Review panel
1999: Program Chair, International Congress of Chronobiology, Washington DC
1999: Program Chair, Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology
1999-present: Panel member, IFCN3 CSR National Institute of Health
1999: Chair, Search Committee for editor of Journal of Biological Rhythms
1997: Chair, Search Committee for editor of Journal Hormones and Behavior
1997: Neuroscience Working Group: Integrative, Regulatory and Behavioral Neurosciences - charged
    with writing first draft of charter for Neuroscience study sections (March)
1994-1997: Member-at-Large, American Psychological Association
1993-1997: Advisory Committee Member, International Ornithological Society
1996-present: Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology, Advisory Board Member
1996: Member at Large, Society for Chronobiology
1994-1996: Panel Member, NIMH Psychobiology, Behavior, and Neurosciences 1995: Panel Member, NSF, Undergraduate Education and Instrumentation
1994-1996: Member-at-Large, Society for Research in Biological Rhythms
1995: Panel Member, Careers for Scientists, Bank Street School for Children
1995: Member, Committee of visitors for the Neuroscience Cluster NSF (June)
1995: Rapporteur, American Physiological Society, Conference on "Understanding the Biological
           Clock - from Genetics to Physiology"
1994: Program Chair, American Psychological Association
1994: Elective Member, American Ornithological Union
1993-1994: Panel Member, NIMH Behavioral Neurosciences    
1992-1994: Member, Advisory Committee, Society for Research in Biological Rhythms
1988-1989: Chair, Psychology Department, Barnard College
1989: Member, Search Committee: Director of the Institute of Animal Behavior-Rutgers University
1987-1989: Panel Member, Sensory & Integrative Systems, NSF
1987: Panel Member, Panel on Mathematics Education, Oberlin College
1986-1987: Panel Member, Psychobiology, NSF
1979-1983: Panel Member, Neuropsychology Panel, NIMH

Service to Educational Community:
2007: Invited Participant: launch of PhD program at University of Jalapa, Jalapa Mexico
2007: External Review Committee, Psychology Department, Berkeley, CA
2005: Member, external reviewer for Training Grant in Neuroscience at Hunter College
2005: External Review Committee: Brooklyn College of City University
2002: Review of Psychobiology Program at Hunter College
2001: Review of Biology Departments of Stern College and Yeshiva University
1998: Review of Psychology and Computer Science Departments at University of Toronto
1990: Selection committee for Chair of Institute of Animal Behavior

Editorial Board
2006-2009 Editorial Board, Endocrinology
2004-present: Receiving editor, European Journal of Neuroscience
1997-present: Biological Rhythm Research
1996-2000: Hormones and Behavior
1995-present: Journal for Research in Biological Rhythms
1985-1989: Journal of Comparative Psychology

Service to Barnard/Columbia
2008-9: Search Committee for Head of Department of Veterinary Medicine, Columbia Presbyterian Hospital
2004-2006: Director, Graduate Program in Psychology
2000 - 2006: Director, Neuroscience and Behavior Program, Barnard College
2002-2004: Member, Grants Committee, Barnard College
2001-2004 Member: Program Committee Society for Neuroscience
2003 - : Director of Graduate Program in Psychology (CU)
2002: Member, Grants Committee, Barnard College
1998-2001: Member, Barnard Medalist committee
1995: Chair, Provost Search Committee, Barnard College
1992-1994: Member, Committee on Instruction, Barnard College
1986-2001: Member, Animal Care Committee, Columbia University
1989-1993: Chair, Psychology Department at Barnard
1984-1987: Member, Faculty Planning Committee
1983-1988: (First) Director of Quantitative Reasoning Program, Barnard College
1985: Established first academic computer centers, Barnard College
1983-1984: Member, Faculty Executive Committee
1983-1986: Member, Executive Committee, Health and Society Program
1982-present: University Ad Hoc Committees (approximately 1/year since 1982)    

Professional Associations (Alphabetical order)
Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (2003)
American Association for the Advancement of Science (Fellow)
American Ornithological Union (Fellow, 1994)
American Physiological Society
American Psychological Association (Fellow-Division 6, 1984)
American Psychological Society (Charter Member and Fellow, 1989)
Endocrine Society
International Ornithological Society
International Society for Chronobiology
Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology
Society for Neurosciences
Society for Research in Biological Rhythms

Scientific publications (chronological order)

1.    Witkovsky, P., Silver, R. and Zeigler, H.P. (1973).  The nucleus basalis of the pigeon:  A single unit analysis. J. Comp. Neurol. 147: 119-128.

2.    Silver, R. and Witkovsky P. (1973).  Functional characteristics of single units in the spinal trigeminal nucleus of the pigeon. Brain, Behavior and Evolution  8: 287-303.

3.    Silver, R., Feder, H.H. and Lehrman, D.S.  (1973).   Situational and hormonal determinants of +courtship, aggressive and incubation behavior in male ring doves  (Streptopelia risoria). Horm. Behav. 4: 163-172.

4.    Silver, R. and Feder, H.H.  (1973).  Role of gonadal hormones in incubation behavior of male ring doves (Streptopelia risoria). J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 84: 464-471.

5.    Silver, R. and Feder, H.H.  (1973).  Inhibition of crop sac growth by dexamethasone in ring doves (Streptopelia risoria). Endocrinol. 92: 1568-1571.

6.    Silver, R. and Buntin, J.  (1973).  Role of adrenal hormones in incubaton behavior of male ring doves  (Streptopelia risoria). J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 84: 453-463.

7.    Silver, R., Reboulleau, C., Lehrman, D.S. and Feder, H.H.  (1974).  Radioimmunoassay of plasma progesterone throughout the reproductive cycle in the male and female ring dove (Streptopelia risoria). Endocrinol. 94: 437-444.

8.    Feder, H.H. and Silver, R.  (1974).  Activation of Lordosis in Ovariectomized Guinea Pigs by Free and Esterified Forms of Estrone, Estradiol-17B and Estriol. Physiol. and Behav. 13: 251-255.

9.    Cheng, M.F. and Silver, R.  (1975).  Estrogen- progesterone regulation of nest-building and incubation behavior of female ring doves (Streptopelia risoria). J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 88: 256-263.

10.    Silver, R. and Barbiere, C.  (1977).  Display of courtship and incubation behavior during the reproductive cycle of the male ring dove. Horm. Behav. 8: 8-21.

11.    Silver, R.  (1977).  Effects of the anti-androgen cyproterone acetate on reproduction in male and female ring doves. Horm. Behav. 9: 371-379.

12.    Feder, H.H., Reboulleau, C., Goodwin, D., Storey, A. and Silver, R.  (1977).  Testosterone and "5a-dihydrotestosterone" levels in peripheral plasma of male and female ring doves (Streptopelia risoria) during the reproductive cycle. Biol. Reprod. 16: 666-667.

13.    Silver, R.  (ed.)  (1977).  Parental Behavior in Birds.  Dowden, Hutchinson, and Ross,  Stroudsburg, PA.

14.    Silver, R. (1978). The parental behavior of doves. American Scientist, March, 209-213.

15.    Silver, R., O'Connell, M. and Saad, R. (1979).  Effect of androgen on the behavior of birds.  In: Endocrine Control of Behavior.  Edited by C. Beyer, Plenum Press: New York, pp. 233-278.

16.    Silver, R. and Feder, H.H.  (1979). Hormones and Reproductive Behavior, W.H. Freeman and Co.

17.    Wallman, J., Grabon, M.B. and Silver, R.  (1979).  What determines the pattern of sharing incubation and brooding in ring doves? J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 93: 481-492.

18.    Silver, R., Goldsmith, A.R., and Follett, B.K. (1980).  Plasma luteinizing hormone in male ring doves during the breeding cycle. Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 42: 19-24.

19.    Silver, R. and Gibson, M.J.  (1980).  Termination of incubation in doves: Influence of egg fertility and absence of mate. Horm. Behav. 14: 93-106.

20.    O'Connell, M.E., Silver, R., Feder, H.H. and Reboulleau, C.  (1981).  Social interactions and androgen levels in birds.  II.  Social factors associated with the decline in plasma androgen levels in the male ring dove (Streptopelia risoria). Gen. Comp.  Endocrinol. 44: 464-469. Verlag: Basel.

21.    O'Connell, M.E., Reboulleau, C., Feder H.H., and Silver, R. (1981).  Social interactions and androgen levels in birds. I.  Female characteristics associated with increased plasma androgen levels in the male ring dove (Streptopelia risoria). Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 44: 454-463.

22.    Goldsmith, A.R., Edwards, C., Koprucu, M., and Silver, R. (1981).  Concentrations of prolactin and luteinizing hormone in relation to incubation and development of the crop gland. J. Endocrinol. 90: 437-443.

23.    Silver, R. and Cooper, M. (1983). Avian Behavioral Endocrinology. Bioscience, 567-572.

24.    Silver, R. (1983).  Biparental Care in Birds:  Mechanisms controlling incubation bout duration, pp. 451-462.  In: Hormones and Behavior in Higher Vertebrates.  (Ed. R. Gilles), Springer

25.    Silver, R. (1983).  Biparental care:  Hormonal and nonhormonal control mechanisms, pp. 145-171.  In: Symbiosis in Parent-Young Interactions  (Eds.  H. Moltz and L. Rosenblum), Plenum Press.

26.    Silver, R.  (1983).  Review of: History of Research in Mammalian Sexual Behavior.   D.A. Dewsberry (Ed.)  Mammalian Sexual Behavior:  Foundations for Contemporary Research.  Benchmark Papers in Behavior, Vol. 15.  Stroudsburg, PA:  Hutchinson Ross, 1981, 395 pp.

27.    Cooper, M.L., Pickard, G.E. and Silver, R.  (1983).  Retinohypothalamic pathway in the dove (Streptopelia risoria) demonstrated by anterograde HRP. Brain Res. Bull. 10:  715-718.

28.    Ball, G. and Silver, R.  (1983).  Timing of incubation bouts by ring doves  (Streptopelia risoria). J. Comp. Psychol. 97: 213-225.

29.    Balsam, P., Fifer, W., Sacks, S., and Silver, R.  (1984). Microcomputers in psychology laboratory courses.  Behavior Research Methods, Instruments and Computers 16:  150-152.

30.    Kahn, R., Fifer, W., and Silver, R. (1984).  Automatic monitoring of temperature and/or location:  A computer-controlled radiotelemetry system.  Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers, 16: 533-537.

31.    Pickard, G.E., Kahn, R. and Silver, R. (1984).  Splitting of the circadian rhythm of body temperature in the golden hamster. Physiol. Behav. 32: 763-766.

32.    Gibbon, J., Morrel, M., and Silver, R. (1984).  Two kinds of timing in the circadian incubation rhythm of the ring dove.  Am. J. Physiol. 247: R1083-R1087.

33.    Silver, R. and Bittman, E.L.  (1984).  Reproductive Mechanisms:  Interaction of circadian and interval timing.  In:  L. Allen and J. Gibbon, (eds.), Timing and Time Perception, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences:  New York, pp. 488-514.

34.    Silver, R.  (1984).  Prolactin and parenting in the pigeon family. J.  Exp.  Zool.  232:  617-625.

35.    Crews, D. and Silver, R. (1985).  Reproductive physiology and behavior interactions in non nonmammalian vertebrates.  In: Handbook of Behavioral Neurobiology. In: N. Adler, D. Pfaff and R.W. Goy (Eds.).  Plenum Press, New York, pp.101-182.

36.    Graf, J.S., Balsam, P.D., and Silver, R.  (1985).  Associative factors and the development of pecking in ring dove. Developmental Psychobiology, 18: 447-460.

37.    Ramsey, S.M., Goldsmith, A.R., and Silver, R.  (1985).  Stimulus requirements for prolactin and LH secretion in incubating Ring Doves. Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 59: 246-256.

38.    Silver, R., Andrews, H., and Ball, G. (1985).  Parental care in ecological perspective: A quantitative analysis of avian subfamilies. Amer. Zool. 25: 823-840.

39.    Silver, R.  (1986). Circadian and interval timing in the ovulatory cycle of the chicken.  J. Poultry Sci. 65: 2355-2362.

40.    Silver, R, and Rosenblatt, J.S.  (1987).  The development of a developmentalist: Daniel S. Lehrman. Dev. Psychobiol. 20: 563-570.

41.    Silver, R. and Norgren, R.  (1987). Avian circadian rhythms and behavior. In: Psychobiology of Reproduction.  D. Crews (Ed.).  Prentice-Hall: New Jersey.  pp. 120-140.

42.    Lehman, M.N., Silver, R., Gladstone, W.R., Kahn, R.M., Gibson, M. and Bittman, E.L.  (1987). Circadian rhythmicity restored by neural transplant.  Immunocytochemical characterization of   the graft and its integration with the host brain. J. Neurosci. 7: 1626-1638.

43.    Silver, R , Witkovsky, P., Horvath, P., Alones, V., Barnstable, C. and Lehman, M.  (1988).  Coexpression of opsin- and VIP-like immunoreactivity in CSF-contacting neurons of the avian brain. Cell Tiss. Res. 253: 189-198.

44.    Norgren, R. and Silver, R.  (1989)  Retinal projections in quail.Visual Neurosci. 3: 377-387.

45.    Norgren, R. and Silver, R.  (1989)  Retinohypothalamic projections and the suprachiasmatic nucleus in birds. Br. Behav. Evol. 34: 73-83.

46.    Silver, R. and Ball, G. (1989).  Brain, hormone and behavior interactions in avian reproduction:  Status and prospectus.The Condor  91: 966-978.

47.    Silver, R (1990) Biological timing mechanisms with special emphasis on the parental behavior of doves. In: D.A. Dewsbury (Ed.) Contemporary Issues in Comparative Psychology. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland Massachusetts pp 252-277.

48.    Silver, R. (1990) Avian behavioral endocrinology: Status and prospectus.  In: M. Wada (Ed.) Endocrinology of Birds: Molecular to Behavioral.  Japanese Scientific Society Press, Tokyo and Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

49.    Silver, R and Ramos, C.  (1990).  Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide in avian reproduction. In: Comparative Physiology, vol. 8, Hormones, Brain and Behaviour in Vertebrates 1:  Sexual Differentiation, Neuroanatomical Aspects, Neurotransmitters and Neuropeptides. (Ed. J Balthazart).  Basel:Karger.

50.    Norgren, R. and Silver, R.  (1990).   Distribution of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, neurophysin and acetylcholinesterase in dove hypothalamus with an emphasis on the question of an avian SCN. Cell Tiss. Res. 259: 331-339.

51.    Cloues, R., Ramos, C., and Silver, R.  (1990).  VIP-like immunoreactivity during reproduction in doves:  Influence of experience and number of offspring. Horm. Behav. 24: 215-231.

52.    Silver, R., Lehman, M.N., Gibson, M., Gladstone, W.R., & Bittman, E.L. (1990).  Dispersed cell suspensions of fetal SCN restore restore circadian rhythmicity in SCN-lesioned adult hamsters. Brain Research  525: 45-58.

53.    Romero, M-T. and Silver, R. (1990). Time course of peptidergic expression in the fetal suprachiasmatic nucleus transplanted into adult hamster. Dev. Br. Res. 57: 1-6.

54.    Hakim, H.J., Philpot, A. and Silver, R. (1991). Circadian locomotor rhythms but not photoperiodic responses survive transection of SCN efferents in hamsters. J. Biol. Rhythms  6: 97-113.

55.    Lehman, M.N., Silver, R., and Bittman, E.L.   Anatomy of SCN grafts.  In: The Suprachiasmatic Nucleus: The Mind's Clock.  Eds. D. Klein, R.Y. Moore, and S.M. Reppert.  Oxford University Press, N.Y. (1991), pp. 349-374.

56.    Canbeyli, R. Lehman, M. and Silver, R. (1991).  Tracing SCN graft efferents with DiI.  Brain Research, 554: 15-21.

57.    Canbeyli, R.S., Romero, M.T.,  Silver, R.  (1991).  Neither triazolam nor activity phase advance circadian locomotor activity in SCN-lesioned hamsters bearing fetal SCN transplants. Brain Research  566: 40-45.

58.    Chipman, S.F. Krantz, D.H. and Silver, R.  (1992) Mathematics anxiety and science careers among able college women. Psychological Science, 3: 292-295.

59.    Silver, R.   (1992)  Environmental factors influencing hormone secretion. In: Behavioral Endocrinology. Becker J.B., Breedlove S.M, Crews, D. (Eds.).  MIT Press: Boston. 401-422.

60.    Balsam, P.D., Stephenson, J., and Silver R.  (1992).  Operant and Pavlovian contributions to the ontogeny of pecking in ring doves. Dev Psychobiol. 25: 389-410.

61.    Silver, R., Ramos, C.L. and Silverman, A-J. (1992). Sex behavior triggers appearance of non-neural cells containing gonadotropin-releasing hormone in doves. J. Neuroendo. 4: 207-210.

62.    Ramos, C.L. and Silver, R. (1992). Gonadal hormones influence the timing of parental behavior of doves. Horm. Behav. 26: 283-295.

63.    Silver, R., Ramos, C., Machuca, H., and Silverin, B. (1992) Immunocytochemical distribution of GnRH in the brain of adult and posthatching Great Tit (Parus major) and Ring Dove (Streptopelia roseogrisea). Ornis Scandanavia, 23, 222-232.

64.    Romero, M-T. Lehman, M.N., and Silver, R. (1993). Age of donor influences ability of SCN grafts to restore circadian rhythmicity. Dev. Br. Res. 71: 45-52.

65.    Silver, R. and LeSauter, J. (1993). Efferent signals of the SCN. J. Biol Rhythms  8: (suppl.) 589-592.

66.    Silver, R. and Saldanha, C.J. (1993). VIP and prolactin in avian reproduction.  Life Sciences. Endocrinology I.  CSRT Trivandrum, India 127-146.

67.    Zhuang, X., Silverman, A-J., and Silver, R. (1993). Reproductive behavior, endocrine state, and the distribution of GnRH-immunoreactive mast cells in the dove brain.  Horm. Behav. 27: 283-295.

68.    Silver, R., Zhuang, X., Millar, R., and Silverman, A-J. (1993). Mast cells containing GnRH-like immunoreactivity in the CNS during courtship in doves.  In: Avian Endocrinology, Ed. P. J. Sharp, J Endocrinology Ltd. Press, Bristol. pp 87-98.

69.    Silver, R. and LeSauter, J.  (1993). What do SCN transplants do? Brain Res. Reviews 18: 322-325.

70.    LeSauter, J. and Silver, R. (1993) Heavy water lengthens the period of freerunning rhythms in lesioned hamsters bearing SCN grafts. Physiol. Behav. 54: 599-604.

71.    LeSauter, J. and Silver, R. (1993) Lithium lengthens period of circadian rhythms in lesioned hamsters bearing fetal SCN grafts. Biol. Psychiat. 34: 75-83.

72.    Balsam, P. D. and Silver, R. (1994). Behavioral change as a result of experience: Toward principles of learning and development. In: Causal Mechanisms of Behavioral Development.  (Eds. J.A. Hogan and J.J. Bolhuis). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

73.    LeSauter, J. and Silver, R. (1994) Suprachiasmatic nucleus lesions abolish and fetal SCN grafts restore circadian gnawing rhythms in hamsters. Restorative Neurol. and Neurosc.: 6: 135-143.

74.    Lehman, M.N. and Silver, R. (1994).  Restoration of circadian rhythms by neural transplants.  In:  Neuronal Transplantation, CNS Neuronal Injury and Regeneration.  (Ed. J. Marwah).  CRC Press Inc. pp 141-160.

75.    Saldanha, C.J., Deviche, P.D., and Silver, R.  (1994)  Increased VIP and decreased GnRH expression in photoperiodic Dark-eyed juncos (Junco hyemalis). Gen. Comp. Endocrinol.  93: 128-136.

76.    Saldanha, C.J., Leak, R.K., and Silver, R. (1994). Detection and transduction of daylength in birds.  Psychoneuroendocrinolog, 19: 641-656.

77.    Wallman, J., Saldanha, C.J., and Silver, R. (1994). A putative suprachiasmatic nucleus of birds responds to visual motion. J. Comp. Physiol. 174: 297-304.

78.    Serviere, J., Gendrot, G., LeSauter, J., and Silver, R. (1994).  Host resets phase of grafted SCN: II.  Influence of implant site, tissue specificity, and pineal secretions.  Neurosc. Lett. 176: 80-84.

79.    Serviere, J., Gendrot, G., LeSauter, J., and Silver, R. (1994).  Host resets phase of grafted SCN: I. A 2-deoxyglucose study of the time course of entrainment.  Brain Res. 665: 168-176.

80.    Silverman, A-J., Millar, R.P., King, J.A., Zhuang, X., and Silver, R.  (1994).  Mast cells with gonadotropin-releasing hormone-like immunoreactivity in the brain of doves. PNAS, 91: 3695-3699.

81.    Knapp, R. and Silver, R. (1995).  Site of origin of neurons projecting to the stalk-median eminence in ring doves (Streptopelia roseogrisea). Cell Tiss Res. 280: 77-86.82.

82.    Chipman, S.F., Krantz, D.H., and Silver, R.  (1995) Math anxiety/confidence and other achievements.  In: Gender and mathematics education.  Lund University Press. pp 113-120.

83.    Silver, R., Zhuang, X., and Silverman, A-J. (1995). Immunocompetence, mast cells and sexual behavior. Ibis 138: 303-328.

84.    Lehman, M., LeSauter, J., Kim, C., Berryman, S., Tresco, P., and Silver, R.  (1995) How do fetal grafts of the SCN communicate with the host brain?  Cell Transplantation, 4: 75-81.

85.    Saldanha, C.J. and Silver, R. (1996).  Intraventricular prolactin inhibits hypothalamic vasoactive-intestinal polypeptide-expression in doves. J. Neuroendocrinol. 7: 881-887.

86.    Silverman, A-J., Zhuang, X., and Silver, R. (1995) Central nervous system mast cells and reproduction.  In: The Neurobiology of Puberty. (Ed. T. Plante). The Journal of Endocrinology Ltd. Bristol, England.

87.    LeSauter, J., Lehman, M., and Silver, R. (1996). Restoration of circadian locomotor rhythms by transplants of SCN "micropunches" J. Biol. Rhythms 11: 163-171.

88.    Silver, R., Romero, M.-T., Besmer, H.R., Leak, R., Nunez, J.M., and LeSauter, J. (1996). Calbindin-D28k cells in the hamster SCN express light-induced Fos. NeuroReport 7: 1224-1228.

89.    Silver, R., Silverman, A-J., Vitkovic, L., and Lederhendler, I. (1996) Mast cells in the brain: Evidence and functional significance.  Trends in Neurosciences, 19: 25-31.

90.    Silver, R., LeSauter, J., Tresco, P., and Lehman, M.N. (1996). A diffusible coupling signal form the transplanted suprachiasmatic nucleus controlling circadian locomotor rhythms. Nature, 382: 810-813.

91.    Silver, R., LeSauter, J., and Lehman, M.N. (1996) Contributions of SCN transplant studies to understanding the biological clock. In: Circadian Organization and Oscilator Coupling (Eds. K. Honma and Honma S). Hokkaido U. Press, Sapporo. pp 53-72

92.    Zhuang, X., Silverman, A.-J., and Silver, R. (1996) Brain mast cell degranulation regulates blood-brain barrier. J. Neurobiol. 31: 393-403.

93.    Caba, M., Silver, R., Gonzalez-Mariscal, G., Jimenez, A., and Beyer, C. (1996). Oxytocin and vasopressin immunoreactivity in rabbit hypothalamus during estrus, late pregnancy and postpartum. Brain Research, 720: 7-16.

94.    Zhuang, X., Silverman, A.-J., and Silver, R. (1997) Mast cell number and maturation in the central nervous system: Influence of tissue type, location, and exposure to steroid hormones. Neuroscience, 80: 1237-1245.

95.    LeSauter, J., Romero, P., Cascio, M., and Silver, R. (1997) Attachment site of grafted SCN influences precision of restored circadian rhythm. J. Biol. Rhythms 12:327-338.

96.    LeSauter, J. and Silver, R. (1998). Output signals of the SCN. Chronobiology International, 15: 535-550.

97.    Moore, R.Y. and Silver, R. (1998). Suprachiasmatic nucleus organization. Chronobiology International, 15: 475-487.

98.    Silver, R. and  Moore, R.Y. (Guest editors) (1998). The suprachiasmatic nucleus and  circadian function: An introduction. Special Issue in SCN:  Editorial foreword for Chronobiology International, 15: (vii-x).

99.    Shanas, U., Bhasin, R., Sutherland, A.K., and Silver, R. (1998) Brain mast cells lack the c-kit receptor. J. Neuroimmunology, 90: 207-211.

100.    Lehman, M., LeSauter, J., and Silver, R. (1998) Fiber outgrowth from anterior hypothalamic and cortical xenografts in the third ventricle. J. Comp Neurol. 391: pp. 133-145.

101.    Saldanha, C. and Silver, R. (1998) Hormones. In: Comparative Psychology: A handbook.  G. Greenberg & M. Haraway(Eds.) Garland Publishing, New York.  pp. 304-312.

102.    LeSauter, J. and Silver, R. Circadian rhythms. (1998) In: Comparative Psychology: A handbook. G. Greenberg & M. Haraway(Eds.) Garland Publishing, New York. Pp. 277-281.

103.    Zhuang, X., Silverman, A.-J., and Silver, R.  (1999) Distribution and local differentiation of mast cells in the parenchyma of the forebrain. J. Comp. Neurol. 408: 477-488.

104.    LeSauter, J. and Silver, R. (1999)  Localization of an SCN subnucleus regulating locomotor rhythmicity. J. Neurosc. 19: 5574-5585.

105.    Silver, R. and Silverman, A-J. Sex and Brain secretions. In: Reproduction in Context. Eds. K Wallen and J. Schneider. MIT Press, Boston (1999).

106.    LeSauter, J., Stevens, P., Janssen H., Lehman, M.N., and Silver, R. (1999). Calbindin expression in the hamster SCN is influenced by genotype and by photic conditions. NeuroReport, 10: 3159-3163.

107.    Silver, R., Sookhoo, A.I., LeSauter, J., Stevens, P., Jansen, H.T., and Lehman, M.N. (1999) Multiple regulatory elements result in regional specificity in circadian rhythms of neuropeptide expression in mouse SCN. NeuroReport, 10: 3165-3174.

108.    Deviche, P., Saldanha, C.J., and Silver, R. (2000) Changes in brain gonadotropin-releasing hormone and vasoactive intestinal peptide-like immunoreactivity in male dark-eyed juncos (Junco hyemalis). Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 117(1): 8-19.

109.    Wilhelm, M., King, B., Silverman, A-J., and Silver, R. (2000) Gonadal steroids regulate the number and activational state of mast cells in the medial habenula. Endocrinology, 141: 1178-1186.

110.    Silverman, A-J., Sutherland, A.K., and Silver, R. (2000).  Mast cells migrate from blood to brain. J. Neurosci. 20: 401-408.

111.    Caba, M., Pau, K.Y., Beyer, C., Gonzalez, A., Silver, R., and Spies, H.G. (2000) Coitus-induced activation of c-fos and gonadotropin-releasing hormone in hypothalamic neurons in female rabbits. Brain Res. Mol. Brain Res.  78(1-2):  69-79.

112.    Lehman, M.N. and Silver, R  (2000) CSF Signaling in Physiology and Behavior. In: (Eds. Fuxe, Nicholson) Progress in Brain Research Vol 125. Ch 27: pp409-427.

113.    Bryant, D. N., LeSauter, J., Silver, R. and Romero, M-T. (2000) Retinal innervation of calbindin cells in the hamster suprachiasmatic nucleus: Ultrastructural characterization. J. Biol. Rhythms. 15: 103-111.

114.    Silver, R and Kriegsfeld, L. (2001) Hormones and Behavior. In: Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. Nature Publishing Group, Hampshire, UK, pp.1-10.

115.    Saldanha, C.J., Silverman, A-J., and Silver, R. (2001)  Direct Innervation of GnRH Neurons by Encephalic Photoreceptors in Birds. J Biol Rhythms, 16: 39-49.

116.    Silver, R. and Kriegsfeld, L. (2001) Environmental Factors influencing hormone secretions in humans and animals. In: Behavioral Endocrinology. J. Becker, S. M. Breedlove, and D. Crews (Eds.) MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.

117.    Gabriel, R., LeSauter, J., Silver, R. and Witkovsky, P. (2001) Diurnal and circadian rhythms in the expression of protein kinase C immunoreactivity in the rat retina J. Comp. Neurol. 439:140-150.

118.    Hamada, T., Lesauter, J., Venuti, J., and Silver, R. (2001). Expression of Period genes: Rhythmic and non-rhythmic compartments of the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus. J. Neurosci. 21:7742-50.

119.    Kriegsfeld, L., LeSauter, J., Hamada, T., Pitts, S., and Silver, R.  (2002) Circadian Rhythms in the Endocrine System.  In:  Hormones, Brain and Behavior.  Ed.  D. W. Pfaff.  Academic Press pp 33-91.

120.    Nelms, J.L., LeSauter, J., Silver, R., and Lehman, M.N. (2002) Biotinylated dextran amine as a marker for fetal anterior hypothalamic grafts and their efferents. Experimental Neurol. 174:72-80.

121.    LeSauter, J., Kriegsfeld, L.J., Hon, J., and Silver, R. (2002) Calbindin-D(28K) cells selectively contact intra-SCN neurons. Neuroscience, 111: 575-585.

122.    Asarian, L., Yousefzadeh, E., Silverman, A-J., and Silver, R.  (2002) Stimuli from conspecifics influence brain mast cell population in male rats. Hormones and Behavior,  42:1-12.

123.    Kriegsfeld, L.J., Silver, R., Gore, A.C., & Crews, D.  (2002) Vasoactive intestinal polypepitide contacts on gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurons increase in developing female rats.  Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 4: 685-690.  

124.    Silverman, A.-J., Asarian, L., Khalil, M. and Silver, R. (2002) GnRH, Brain Mast Cells and Behavior. In: I.S. Parhar (Ed). Progress in Brain Research. Vol. 121. Ch. 23 pp 317-327.

125.    Yan, L. and R. Silver (2002). Differential induction and localization of mPer1 and mPer2 during advancing and delaying phase shifts. Eur. J. Neurosci.,  16:1531-40.

126.    Kriegsfeld, L.J., Korets, R., & Silver, R. (2003) Expression of the circadian clock gene Period1 in neuroendocrine cells: an investigation using mice with a Per1::GFP transgene. Eur. J.Neurosci. 17: 212-220.

127.    Lee, H.S., Nelms, J.L., Nguyen, M. and Silver, R., and Lehman, M.N. (2003). The eye is necessary for a circadian rhythm in the SCN. Nat. Neurosci. 6:1-2.

128.    LeSauter, J., Yan, L., Vishnubhotla, B., Quintero, J.E., Kuhlman, S.J., McMahon, D.G., and Silver, R. (2003).  A short half-life GFP mouse model for analysis of suprachiasmatic nucleus organization. Brain Res. 964: 279-287.

129.    Kuhlman, S. J., Silver R., LeSauter J., Bult-Ito A. and McMahon D.G. (2003). Phase resetting light pulses induce Per1 and persistent spike activity in a subpopulation of biological clock neurons. J Neurosci. 23:1441-1450.

130.    Khalil, M., Silverman, A.-J., Silver, R. (2003). Mast Cells in the Rat Brain Synthesize Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone. J. Neurobiol. 56:113-124.

131.    Pitts, S., Perone, E., Silver, R. (2003). Food-entrained circadian rhythms are sustained in arrhythmic Clock m/m Mutant Mice. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 285:R57-67.

132.    Yan, L., Hochstetler, K.L., Silver, R. and Bult-Ito, A. (2003). Phase shifts and Per gene expression in mouse suprachiasmatic nucleus. NeuroReport. 14: 1247-1251.

133.    Caba M., Rovirosa M.J., Silver R. (2003). Suckling and genital stroking induces Fos expression in hypothalamic oxytocinergic neurons of rabbit pups. Dev. Brain Res. 143: 119-28.

134.    Antle M.C., Foley D., Foley N., Silver R. (2003) Gates and Oscillators: components of a brain clock. J. Biol Rhythms. 18: 339-350.

135.    Hamada, T., LeSauter, J. Lokshin, M. Romero, M-T. Yan, L.Venuti, J. Silver, R. (2003). Calbindin influences response to photic input in suprachiasmatic nucleus. J. Neurosci.  23: 8820-6.

136.    Kriegsfeld LJ, Hotchkiss AK, Demas GE, Silverman A-J, Silver R, and Nelson RJ. (2003) Brain mast cells are influenced by chemosensory cues associated with estrus induction in prarie voles (Micotus ochrogaster). Horm. Behav. 44: 377-84.

137.    Witkovsky, P., Veisenberger, E., LeSauter,  J., Johnson, M., D.Q., Zhang, McMahon, D. and Silver, R. (2003). Cellular location and circadian rhythm of expression of the biological clock gene Period 1 in the mouse retina. J Neurosci. 23: 7670-7676.

138.    Gábriel R., Lesauter J., Bánvölgyi T., Petrovics G., Silver R., and Witkovsky P. (2004) AII amacrine neurons of the rat retina show diurnal and circadian rhythms of parvalbumin immunoreactivity. Cell Tiss Res. 315: 181-6.

139.    Hamada T, Antle MC, Silver R (2004). Temporal and spatial expression patterns of canonical clock genes and clock-controlled genes in the suprachiasmatic nucleus. Eur. J. Neurosci. 19: 1-8.

140.    Kriegsfeld L.J., Leak R.K., Yackulic C.B., LeSauter J. and Silver R. (2004). Organization of suprachiasmatic nucleus projections in Syrian hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus): an anterograde and retrograde analysis. J. Comp. Neurol. 468: 361-379.

141.    Kriegsfeld, L., Silver, R. (2004). The skinny on body weight regulation: The role of retinoid signaling in photoperiod-mediated weight loss. Endocrinology. 145: 11-12.

142.    Karatsoreos, I.N. and Silver, R. (2004) "Chronobiology: biological timekeeping" Physiol. & Behav., 82:  15 Pages 927-929

143.    Karatsoreos, I., Yan, L., LeSauter, J., and Silver, R. (2004). Phenotype matters: Identification of light-responsive cells in mouse SCN. J. Neurosci. 24: 68-75.

144.    Yan L., Silver R. (2004). Resetting the brain clock: Time course and localization of mPER1 and mPER2 protein expression in suprachiasmatic nuclei during phase shifts. Eur. J. Neurosci. 19: 1105-1109.

145.    Hamada, T., Antle, M.C.,Silver, R. (2004). The Role of Period1 in Non-Photic Resetting of the Hamster Circadian Pacemaker in the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus. Neurosci. Lett. 362: 87-90.

146.    Kriegsfeld, L.J., LeSauter, J., & Silver, R. (2004). Targeted microlesions reveal novel organization of the hamster suprachiasmatic nucleus.  J. Neurosci. 24: 2449-2457.

147.    Silver R Schwartz WJ (2005) The Suprachiasmatic Nucleus is a Functionally Heterogeneous Timekeeping Organ. Methods in Enzymology. 393:451-65.

148.    Antle, M.C., Silver, R. (2005). Orchestrating Time: Arrangements of the Brain’s Circadian Clock, Trends Neurosci. 28; 141-151.

149.    Antle, M.C., Kriegsfeld, L.J., Silver, R. (2005). Signaling within the master clock of the brain: localized activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase by gastrin-releasing peptide. J Neurosci. 25:2447-2454.

150.    Yan L, Foley NC, Bobula JM, Kriegsfeld LJ, Silver R. (2005) Two antiphase oscillations occur in each suprachiasmatic nucleus of behaviorally split hamsters. J Neurosci. 25 :9017-9026.

151.    Wilhelm, M. Silver  R. and Silverman A.J. (2005). Central nervous system neurons acquire mast cell products via transgranulation.
Eur. J. Neurosci. 22:2238-2248.

152.    Antle MC, LeSauter J, Silver R. (2005) Neurogenesis and ontogeny of specific cell phenotypes within the hamster suprachiasmatic nucleus. Brain Res Dev Br. Res. 157:8-18.

153.    Silver R. (2006) Paradigm shift in the evaluation and funding of research. Letter to the Editor. Horm Behav. 50:169-170.

154.    Karatsoreos¬, I.N., Romeo, R.D., McEwen, B.S., Silver, R. (2006) Diurnal regulation of the gastrin-releasing peptide receptor in the mouse circadian clock. Eur. J. Neurosci. 23:1047-1053.

155.    Kriegsfeld LJ, Silver R. (2006) The regulation of neuroendocrine function: Timing is everything. Horm. Behav. 49:557-574.

156.    Kriegsfeld LJ, Mei DF, Bentley GE, Ubuka T, Mason AO, Inoue K, Ukena K, Tsutsui K, Silver R. (2006) Identification and characterization of a gonadotropin-inhibitory system in the brains of mammals. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A. 103:2410-2415.

157.    Yan L, Bobula JM, Svenningsson P, Greengard P, Silver R. (2006) DARPP-32 involvement in the photic pathway of the circadian system. J. Neurosci. 26:9434-9438.

158.    Antle MC, Foley NC, Foley DK, Silver R. (2007) Gates and oscillators II: zeitgebers and the network model of the brain clock. J. Biol. Rhythms. 22:14-25.

159.    Witkovsky P, Svenningsson P, Yan L, Bateup H, Silver R. (2007) Cellular localization and function of DARPP-32 in the rodent retina. Eur J Neurosci. 25:3233-3242.

160.    Khalil M, Ronda J, Weintraub M, Jain K, Silver R, Silverman AJ. (2007) Brain mast cell relationship to neurovasculature during development. Br. Res. 1171:18-29.

161.    Karatsoreos I.N., Wang A, Sasanian J, Silver, R. (2007) A Role for Androgens in Regulating Circadian Behavior and the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus. Endocrinol. 148:5487-95.

162.    Karatsoreos I.N., and Silver R (2007) The neuroendocrinology of the suprachiasmatic nucleus as a conductor of body time in mammals. Endocrinol. 148: 5487-5495.

163.    Caba, M., Tovar, A., Silver, R., Morgado, E., Meza, E., Zavaleta, Y., Juarez, C., (2008) Nature's food anticipatory experiment: Entrainment of locomotor behavior, suprachiasmatic nucleus and dorsomedial hypothalamic nucleus by suckling in rabbit pups. Eur. J. Neurosci. 27:432-43.

164.    Iwahana, E., Karatsoreos, I., Shibata, S., and Silver, R.  (2008 ) Gonadectomy reveals sex differences in circadian rhythms and suprachiasmatic nucleus androgen receptors in mice. Horm Behav. 53:422-30.

165.    Silver R, Boahen K, Grillner S, Kopell, N, Olsen K (2007) Neurotech for neuroscience: Unifying concepts, organizing principles, and emerging tools, Journal of Neuroscience 27:11807-19.

166.    Pfaff and Rae Silver (2007) Gene-hormone-environment interactions in the regulation of aggressive responses: elegant analysis of complex behavior.  Science STKE Oct 2 (406):pe55.

167.    Rae Silver and Hugh Piggins (2008)  Suprachiasmatic nucleus. Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

168.    Hugh Piggins and Rae Silver. (2008)  Gating. Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

169.    Ribeiro, AC, Sawa E, Carren-LeSauter I, LeSauter J, Silver R and Pfaff, DW  (2008). Two forces for arousal: Pitting hunger versus circadian influences and identifying neurons responsible for changes in behavioral arousal. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 104:20078-20083.

170.    Kriegsfeld, L.J., Mei, DF., Yan, L., Witkovsky, P., LeSauter, J., Hamada, T., & Silver, R. (2008) Targeted Mutation of the Calbindin D28K Gene Disrupts Circadian Rhythmicity and Entrainment. European Journal of Neuroscience, pp. 1–15.

171.    Perez AY, Kirkpatrick MG, Gunderson EW, Marrone G, Silver R, Foltin RW, Hart CL. (2008) Residual effects of intranasal methamphetamine on sleep, mood, and performance. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 94: 258-262.

172.    Yan, L., Karatsoreos, I.N., LeSauter, J., Welsh, D.K., Kay, S., Foley, D., Silver, R. (2008) Exploring Spatiotemporal Organization of SCN Circuits. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol. 2007;72:527-41. PMID: 18419312

173.    Silver, R.,  LeSauter, J. (2008) Circadian and Homeostatic Factors in Arousal. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1129: 263–274

174.    Nautiyal, K.M., McKellar, H., Silverman, A., Silver R.(2009) Mast cells are necessary for the hypothermic response to LPS-induced sepsis American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology 296 (3), pp. R595-602

175.    Butler, M., Kriegsfeld, L., Silver, R. (2009)  Circadian regulation of endocrine
functions. In Pfaff, D.W., Arnold, A.P., Etgen, A.M., Fahrbach, S.E., Rubin R.T., eds.  Hormones, Brain and Behavior, 2nd edition, Vol 1. San Diego: Academic Press. pp. 473-505.

176.    Nautiyal KM, Ribeiro AC, Pfaff DW, Silver R. (2008) Brain mast cells link the immune system to anxiety-like behavior. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A. 105(46):18053-7.

177.    Silver, R., LeSauter, J. (2008) Circadian and Homeostatic Factors in Arousal. NY Acad. Sci. 1129: 263-274.

178.    Yan, L., Silver, R. (2009) Day-length encoding through tonic photic effects in the retinorecipient SCN region Eur. J. Neurosci. 28, pp. 2108-2115

179.    LeSauter, J., Bhuiyan, T., Shimazoe T., Silver, R. (2009) Circadian Trafficking of Calbindin-ir in Fibers of SCN Neurons. J. Biol. Rhythms; 24; 488

180.    Butler, MP., Silver, R. (2009) Basis of robustness and resilience in the suprachiasmatic nucleus: Individual neurons form nodes in circuits that cycle daily. J Biol Rhythms; 24; 340

181.    LeSauter, J., Hoque, N., Weintraub, M., Pfaff, D.W., Silver, R. (2009) Stomach ghrelin-secreting cells as food-entrainable circadian clocks. PNAS 106 no. 32 13582-13587

182.    Antle, M.C., Silver, R. (2009) Neural basis of Timing and Anticipatory Behaviors. Eur. J. Neurosci. 30; 9; 1643-1649

183.    Yan, L., Silver, R., Gorman M. (2010) Reorganization of Suprachiasmatic Nucleus Networks Under 24-h LDLD Conditions. J. Biol. Rhythms; 25; 19

184.    Drouyer, E., LeSauter, J., Hernandez, A.L., Silver, R. (2010) Specializations of Gastrin Releasing Peptide Cells of the Mouse Suprachiasmatic Nucleus. J Comparative Neurology.

185.    Mason, A.O., Duffy, S., Zhao, S., Ubuka, T., Bentley, G., Tsutsui, K., Silver, R., Kriegsfeld, L. (in press) Photoperiod and Reproductive Condition Interact to Affect RFamide-Related Peptide (RFRP) Expression in Syrian Hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) J. Biol. Rhythms.

186.    Ruggiero, L., Butler, M., Silver, R. (In Press) Circadian and Circannual Rhythms and Hormones.  In Wingfield, J.C. ed. Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior.  Elsevier.

187.    Silver, R and Balsam, P. (2010 in press) Oscillators entrained by food and the emergence of anticipatory timing behaviors. Sleep and biological rhythms

News and Press Items
Welsh, David K. “Gate Cells See the Light.” Journal of Biological Rhythms 22 (2007): 26-28.
"A Timely Reminder." Nature Structural & Molecular Biology 14 (2007): 569.

Sanders, Robert. “Brain hormone puts brakes on reproduction.” UC Berkeley Press Release. Feb 2006

Faculty of 1000 Biology: evaluations for Kriegsfeld LJ et al Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2006 Feb 14 103 (7) :2410-5 www.f1000biology.com/article/id/1031785/evaluation

Nicholson, C. “Signals that go with the flow.” TINS 22 (1999): 143-145.

Lamberg, Lynne. "Researchers Dissect the Tick and Tock of the Human Body’s Master Clock." JAMA 278 (1997): 1049-1051.

Movies and Television Appearances
1999: Research on Circadian rhythms was filmed for a BBC production for the Discovery Series
    show on Circadian rhythms; air dates Jan 1999 (Britain), July 1999 (USA) (Film)
1999: Played myself in the Comedy Central Show on the bioethics of animating mannequins;
    with Vance Degeneres and Jon Stewart (Television)
1997: Played myself in the Comedy Central Show on Circadian rhythms; with Whitney Brown and Jon Stewart (Television)
1988: Research on circadian rhythms in doves and in hamsters, a sequence  filmed for: Rhythms
    and Moods,  In: "The Mind" (Producer, Martin Freeth)  BBC. (Produced by BBC) (Film)
1985: The Reproductive Behavior of the Ring Dove.  A 20 minute classroom film. Funded by
    NSF 1981 (Film) (Won 2nd prize at the Animal Behavior Society)
1980: The Dove Story:  One hour film produced for Mike Mansfield,
    Executive Producer at NOVA, funded by NSF and NOVA (Film)

Invited Addresses and Symposia  (limited to recent years)
Jan-Feb 2010 Santa Fe Institute
April 2010 Concordia University, Montreal
April NIDDK WorkshopWashington april
March Strasbourg; HFSP workshop
March University of Vienna
March National Academy of Sciences meeting When does Sex matter for stakeholders in FDA, Pharma, Journals, Funding agencies, citizen advocates-private foundations San Francisco: Chair-
August Leiden

2009 London Ontario
    European Rhythms meeting, Strasbourg
    Tokyo Japan
    Sapporo, Japan
    Department of Neuroscience, CNRS, Strasbourg, France
    Winter Conference on Brain Research
    Departmetn of Anatomy, University of Western Ontario

2008: Beijing, China
    Kumming, China
    New Orleans LSU HSCU Medical School
2007: -Rockefeller University
    -Society for Neuroscience Symposium co-chair with Dr Kathie Olsen
(Neurotech for Neuroscience: Unifying Concepts, Organizing Principles, and Emerging Tools)
    -President’s Science Advisory Council
    -Latin American Physiology 50TH year celebration conference, Puebla, Mexico
    -Cold Spring Harbor, Clocks Symposium
    -Cold Spring Harbor, Arousal Course
•    Cells and Circuits of the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus, Circadian Timing in Brain Circuits Workshop,
- 23-25 April 2007, Gatsby Institute Conference on Quantitative Biology, London
    -Gordon Conference on Chronobiology
2005: Lehigh University, University of Massachusetts, University of Veracruz at Jalapa,
    Mast Cells in Health and Disease Meeting, Eilat, Israel; Department of Neuroscience, University of Chicago; Rockefeller University; University of Halifax; Gordon Conference on Chronobiology, Rhode Island; University of Puerto Rico; University of Toronto, Society for Neuroscience meeting Beach Award presentation to Lance Kriegsfeld.

Speaker (with Nawshin Hoque and Jennifer Nunez) at President’s Advisory Council, Barnard College;  
Eastern Psychological Association, Invited keynote address for Presidential Symposium, Eastern Psychological Association, Washington DC;
Co-Chair and Speaker, Japanese Anatomy Meeting Kyoto, Japan;
Invited Address on Brain Mast Cells, Keystone conference, Taos, NM.,
Winter Brain Research Conference, Invited Symposium Participant;
Keynote Speaker at Presidential Lecture, Society for Research in Biological Rhythms, Whistler, Vancouver;     
Keynote speaker on Circadian Control of Hormone Secretion, Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology, Lisbon, Portugal;
Biology Department, Smith College, Northampton, MA.

2003: Organizer and Chair of NIMH workshop NIH meeting on Circadian rhythms           Sapporo, Japan
         University of  Minnesota
          Vanderbilt University, Nashville
          Indiana University, Bloomington
          University of Hawaii, Honolulu
2002: University of Virginia, Center for Biological Timing (January)
NIMH:  "The Effects of Psychological Variables on the Progression of HIV                Disease" (January)
          University of Michigan (February)
          University of Texas at  College Station (March)
          Universite de Tours Ecole Doctorale, Tours, France (June)      
        New York University Biology Department (June)
          University of Alaska, Neuroscience Program, Fairbanks (July)
          University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (September)
        Andechs Germany Summer School Lecture (September)
        Beijing University, Beijing, China, (October)
        Japanese Society for Chronobiology, Nagoya Japan (November)
       University of Sapporo, Sapporo Japan (November)
2001: Keystone symposium on Biological Clocks (March)          
          American Academy of Sleep Medicine, Chicago (June)  
          Society for Behavioral Neuroendrocrinology (June)  
        University of Alaska, Fairbanks First Annual Neuroscience Program (July)     
        Japanese Neuroscience Meeting, Clock symposium and Molecular Clock symposium    

2000: University of Fairbanks, Alaska
          Oregon State Health Sciences University, Oregon, Health Sciences Center
          Society for Research in Biological Rhythms, Jacksonville, FL.
          Department of Neonatology, Columbia Health Sciences
          Dartmouth University Medical School, Dartmouth Symposium for the Life Sciences

1999: Annual National Institute on the Teaching of Psychology (January)
          Williams College (February)
          Hamilton College (March)
          Workshop on steroid hormones and brain function, Breckenridge, CO (April)
          Institut National pour Recherche Agricole, Nouzilly, France (June)
          University of Delaware; Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, CPMC
          Sleep and Vigilance at the American Physiological Society, Fort Lauderdale, Miami
          Gordon Research Conference, Barga, Italy
          Biology Department, Puerto Rico

1998: University of Pennsylvania (January)
          University of Houston (February)
        New York University (March)
          American Society for Neurochemistry, Denver Colorado (March)
        NYU Post-graduate-Medical School and New York Neuropsychology Group (May)
          Society for Research in Biological Rhythms (May)
        Society for Behavioral Endocrinology Atlanta (June)
          INRA, Nouzilly, France (June)
          University of Vera Cruz, Vera Cruz, Mexico (July)
          City College, Biology Department (November)
          Workshop Organizer: “The CSF as a communication pathway of the brain”. Society for         
            Neuroscience Meeting (November)
          New York State Psychiatric Institute, Department of Psychiatry (December)
1997: Department of Neurosciences at Concordia University (February)
          NSF-NIH panel on immune-neuroendocrine interactions (March)
          University of Maryland, Baltimore (April)
          University of Massachusetts Neuroscience Seminar Series (April)
          Brookhaven National Laboratory, Department of Medicine (April)
          Georgia State University, Atlanta Georgia (May)
          Gordon Conference on Chronobiology (August)
          Distinguished Visiting Speaker Laboratory of Neuroendocrinology, Brain Research
            Institute, U.C.L.A.  (June)
          NSF-CNRS Conference: Biological Rhythms: Physiological and Molecular Mechanisms
          International Society for Chronobiology Paris, France

1996: American Association for the Advancement of Science, Baltimore Speaker and Co-chair     
            for symposium: The Mind’s Clocks-Circadian and Interval Timing Mechanisms,         
            Baltimore (February)
          Human Frontiers Conference: Photic control of Seasonal Cyclicity - Lyons, France (May)
          Society for Research on Biological Rhythms (June)
          International Conference on the study of Hormones, Brain and Behavior, Turin, Italy,            
          Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Columbia College of Phsyicians and Surgeons
          University of Cincinnati, School of Medicine. Cincinnati, Ohio
1995: Sapporo Symposium on Biological Rhythms. Symposium on role of the SCN in Circadian    
            Rhythmicity, Sapporo, Japan.
          Toya Conference, Symposium on Biological Rhythms, Toya National Park, Japan
          Discussant: Panel on GnRH neurons. Conference on reproductive behavior, Boston
          American Physiological Society Symposium-Rapporteur on Cellular Basis of Biological  
            Clocks, Hanover, NH
          Keystone Symposium on encapsulation of biological tissue for transplantation. Frisco,  
          American Psychological Association, invited address on brain-immune interactions,
       Hunter College

1994: Organizer and speaker, NIMH workshop on Mast Cells, Washington, D.C.
          Plenary Speaker, International Ornithological Union, Vienna, Austria
          Society for Research on Biological Rhythms, Participant in Workshop on photoreception   
            and Session Chair of "Ontogeny of the SCN", FL.
          Invited symposium speaker, Conference on Reproductive Behavior
          Society for Neurosciences, Chair of Social Event for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology
          Biology Department, Brooklyn College
          Biology Department, Columbia University
          University of Tlaxcala, Mexico

1993: Gordon Conference on Biological Timing, Vermont
          Conference on Hormones, Brain and Behavior, Tours, France
          World Conference of Sleep Research, Hawaii
          Neuroscience Program, Johns Hopkins University
          Neuroscience Program & Biology Department, University of Washington, Seattle
          Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Columbia University School of Medicine
          Neurosciences Program, Princeton University

1992: Conference on Circadian Rhythms - Fondation pour L'Etude du Systeme Nerveux Central  
            et Peripherique
          Neurosciences Department, University of Connecticut
          Biology Department, Wellesley College
          Biology Department, Cornell University
          Albert Einstein School of Medicine; Neurosciences Program
          Michigan State University
          Vth International Avian Endocrinology Conference, Edinburgh
          NSF Science and Technology Center for the Study of Biological Timing, University of   
            Virginia at Charlottesville

1991: Visiting lecturer, Guadalajara, Mexico
          Gordon Research Conference, Irsee, Germany
          20th International Conference on Chronobiology, Tel Aviv, Israel-Session chairman and
          INRA, Laboratoire de Physiologie Sensorielle, Jouy-en-Josas, France
          100th Anniversary celebration of the University of Goteborg, Session chairman and
            organizer, Goteborg, Sweden
          Visiting Professor, University of Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala, Mexico
          European Winter Brain Conference on Endocrine and Peptidergic Control of Sexual
            Behavior, Crans-Montana, Switzerland
          Biobehavioral Research Center, Bloomington, Indiana
          Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Department of Medicine
          Columbia University, Biology Department
          Rockefeller University Field Research Center

1990: Developmental Psychobiology Meeting, Session chair and speaker, Puerto Rico
          Society Biological Rhythms, Florida
          New York State Department of Psychiatry
          Psychology Department, Binghamton, NY.
          Society for Research in Biological Rhythms, Fla.
          Biology Department, State University of New York at Albany
          Neurosciences Program, University of Illinois at Champaign
          Psychology Department, Concordia University
          Biology Department, Neuroscience Colloquium, City University of New York
          Department of Biology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick.

Occasional Reviewer (partial listing)
Aggression; Animal Behaviour; Association of Women in Science Educational Foundation; Biol. Reproduction; City University Research Foundation; Condor; Developmental Psychobiology; Gen. Comp. Endocrinology; Harper and Row; Hormones and Behavior; Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology; Journal of Neuroscience; Journal for Research in Biological Rhythms; National Research Council of Canada, Canadian National Medical Research Council; National Science Foundation; Nature; NIH - Center for Scientific Review; NIH - RCDA Program; NIMH - Fellowship Program; Neurobiology; Neuroscience; Little, Brown and Co.;  Ontario Mental Health Foundation;  Pharmacology; Physiology and Behavior; Science


mit Unterstützung von

Vienna Conference on Consciousness
Department für Verhaltensbiologie
Universität Wien

T: +43-1-4277-54460
F: +43-1-4277-54506
Universität Wien | Universitätsring 1 | 1010 Wien | T +43-1-4277-0